Nanoman.ca

Nanoman's Company Support

Guides

Mozilla Firefox

Mozilla Firefox is an excellent web browser that can be downloaded for free from Mozilla's website:

https://www.mozilla.org/en-CA/firefox/

The information on this page was written for Mozilla Firefox 61.0.1. Most of this will probably continue to apply for later versions, but your results may vary.

Firefox Preferences

Some of the default settings in Firefox can be very annoying. After installing Firefox, you should follow these steps:

  1. Open Mozilla Firefox.
  2. If you're not using Apple macOS, press Alt+V to open the "View" menu, and then enable the menu bar by selecting "Toolbars" -> "Menu Bar".
  3. Enable the Bookmarks toolbar by going to "View" menu -> "Toolbars" -> "Bookmarks".
  4. Open the "Firefox Preferences" screen. Where you find this depends on your operating system:
    Operating SystemLocation
    Apple macOS"Firefox" menu -> "Preferences"
    FreeBSD"Edit" menu -> "Preferences"
    Microsoft Windows"Tools" menu -> "Options"
    OpenBSD"Edit" menu -> "Preferences"
    TrueOS"Edit" menu -> "Preferences"
    Ubuntu"Edit" menu -> "Preferences"
    Xubuntu"Edit" menu -> "Preferences"
  5. Under "Language", click the "Choose" button.
  6. Click the "Select language to add" select box, and then select "English (Canada) [en-ca]".
  7. Click the "Add" button to add "English (Canada) [en-ca]" to the top of the languages preference order list.
  8. Click "OK" to close the "Languages" window.
  9. Under "Downloads", put a check in the radio checkbox beside "Always ask you where to save files".
  10. Under "Digital Rights Management (DRM) Content", put a check in the checkbox beside "Play DRM-controlled content". We'd prefer not to do this, but an unfortunate number of websites are imposing this on our customers, and we want to reduce the probability of customer problem reports.
  11. Go to the "Home" tab.
  12. Under "Homepage and new windows", select "Custom URLs".
  13. In the "Paste a URL" box, type whatever page you'd prefer to be displayed when Firefox opens. Popular choices are "https://news.google.ca/" or "https://www.google.ca/".
  14. Under "Firefox Home Content", uncheck the checkboxes beside "Top Sites", "Recommended by Pocket", "Highlights", and "Snippets".
  15. Go to the "Search" tab.
  16. Under "Search Bar", put a check in the radio checkbox beside "Add search bar in toolbar".
  17. Under "One-Click Search Engines", uncheck the checkbox beside "Bing".
  18. Go to the "Privacy & Security" tab.
  19. Under "History", change "Firefox will" from "Remember history" to "Use custom settings for history".
  20. Under "Firefox Data Collection and Use", uncheck the checkbox beside "Allow Firefox to send technical and interaction data to Mozilla".
  21. Open a new tab.
  22. Beside "Try Firefox with the bookmarks, history, and passwords from another browser.", click "No Thanks".
  23. Enter "about:config" into the address bar.
  24. At the "This might void your warranty!" screen, click the "I accept the risk!" button.
  25. Search for "extensions.pocket.enabled", and double-click it until its Value toggles to "true".
  26. Search for "extensions.screenshots.disabled", and double-click it until its Value toggles to "false".
  27. Search for "reader.parse-on-load.enabled", and double-click it until its Value toggles to "false".

uBlock Origin

To give yourself some privacy protection, you should install uBlock Origin by following these steps:

  1. Go here: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-CA/firefox/addon/ublock-origin/
  2. Click the "Add to Firefox" button.
  3. In the "Add uBlock Origin" box, click the "Add" button.

For better privacy protection, consider NoScript Security Suite, but note that this is probably overkill for the needs of most end users. NoScript is easy to install and works very well, but its configuration will vary significantly depending on the unique needs of each user. NoScript also requires users to be much more knowledgeable about the intricacies of their browsing habits.

CAcert.org Certificates

Currently, Firefox doesn't come with CAcert.org's root and intermediate certificates installed by default. You should install these into Firefox by following these steps:

  1. Delete everything in the address bar and enter "www.cacert.org".
  2. On the right side of the CAcert.org homepage, click "Root Certificate".
  3. Under "Class 1 PKI Key", click "Root Certificate (PEM Format)".
  4. Put a check into both checkboxes, and then click "OK".
  5. Under "Class 3 PKI Key", click "Intermediate Certificate (PEM Format)".
  6. Put a check into both checkboxes, and then click "OK".

Missing Feature: Download History Retention Option

Currently, the default setting is to save the history for both browsing and completed downloads. You can disable the saving of history for both browsing and completed downloads, but you can't disable these separately.

In previous versions, users could have their completed download history cleared automatically without losing their browsing history. This meant that their "Downloads" window would show downloads in progress and/or downloads that failed, and successful downloads would be cleared from the list automatically.

We find our browsing history to be very useful, but because we pay attention to where we download files, we have no need for completed download history. When we look at the "Downloads" window, we do so to see the status of incomplete downloads, not to see files that have already downloaded successfully. We realize that we can clear our completed download history by clicking the "Clear Downloads" button, but this is something that we didn't have to do before.

Missing Feature: Search Box Engine Selection

Currently, the default setting will provide search suggestions from the "Default Search Engine" when you type something into the "Search" box. You can disable these search suggestions if you want, but most people we know find these useful. If you want to search for something using a different search engine without changing the "Default Search Engine" setting, you have to type your search string into the "Search" box, click the search icon, and then click the icon of the alternative search engine. You won't see search suggestions from the alternative unless you change the "Default Search Engine" setting, and you can't select which search engine you want to use until after you've typed your search string.

In previous versions, you could change the default search engine by simply clicking the search icon. When you'd type something into the Search box, you'd see search suggestions from the selected search engine, and the selected search engine would remain selected until you changed it to something else. You could change the selected search engine either before or after you began typing the search string.

As a company that uses several different search engines almost every day, we liked the old functionality much better. The current functionality is okay for people who use only one search engine and/or who don't need easy access to search suggestions from multiple search engines, but for us, the current functionality is significantly less efficient.